One to One Functions  Graph, Examples  Horizontal Line Test
What is a One to One Function?
A onetoone function is a mathematical function where each input corresponds to a single output. In other words, for every x, there is a single y and vice versa. This implies that the graph of a onetoone function will never intersect.
The input value in a onetoone function is noted as the domain of the function, and the output value is noted as the range of the function.
Let's look at the examples below:
For f(x), each value in the left circle correlates to a unique value in the right circle. Similarly, every value on the right correlates to a unique value on the left side. In mathematical words, this implies every domain holds a unique range, and every range holds a unique domain. Hence, this is a representation of a onetoone function.
Here are some other examples of onetoone functions:

f(x) = x + 1

f(x) = 2x
Now let's examine the second image, which shows the values for g(x).
Be aware of the fact that the inputs in the left circle (domain) do not have unique outputs in the right circle (range). For example, the inputs 2 and 2 have identical output, i.e., 4. Similarly, the inputs 4 and 4 have identical output, i.e., 16. We can discern that there are equivalent Y values for many X values. Hence, this is not a onetoone function.
Here are some other examples of non onetoone functions:

f(x) = x^2

f(x)=(x+2)^2
What are the properties of One to One Functions?
Onetoone functions have the following qualities:

The function has an inverse.

The graph of the function is a line that does not intersect itself.

The function passes the horizontal line test.

The graph of a function and its inverse are the same with respect to the line y = x.
How to Graph a One to One Function
To graph a onetoone function, you are required to find the domain and range for the function. Let's examine a straightforward example of a function f(x) = x + 1.
Once you possess the domain and the range for the function, you need to plot the domain values on the Xaxis and range values on the Yaxis.
How can you evaluate whether or not a Function is One to One?
To prove whether a function is onetoone, we can leverage the horizontal line test. Immediately after you plot the graph of a function, draw horizontal lines over the graph. If a horizontal line moves through the graph of the function at more than one place, then the function is not onetoone.
Because the graph of every linear function is a straight line, and a horizontal line doesn’t intersect the graph at more than one point, we can also deduct all linear functions are onetoone functions. Keep in mind that we do not use the vertical line test for onetoone functions.
Let's examine the graph for f(x) = x + 1. Once you graph the values to xcoordinates and ycoordinates, you need to examine whether a horizontal line intersects the graph at more than one place. In this case, the graph does not intersect any horizontal line more than once. This means that the function is a onetoone function.
Subsequently, if the function is not a onetoone function, it will intersect the same horizontal line more than one time. Let's study the diagram for the f(y) = y^2. Here are the domain and the range values for the function:
Here is the graph for the function:
In this example, the graph intersects various horizontal lines. For instance, for either domains 1 and 1, the range is 1. In the same manner, for each 2 and 2, the range is 4. This signifies that f(x) = x^2 is not a onetoone function.
What is the opposite of a OnetoOne Function?
As a onetoone function has a single input value for each output value, the inverse of a onetoone function is also a onetoone function. The inverse of the function essentially reverses the function.
Case in point, in the example of f(x) = x + 1, we add 1 to each value of x in order to get the output, i.e., y. The inverse of this function will subtract 1 from each value of y.
The inverse of the function is f−1.
What are the properties of the inverse of a One to One Function?
The characteristics of an inverse onetoone function are no different than all other onetoone functions. This means that the reverse of a onetoone function will possess one domain for every range and pass the horizontal line test.
How do you determine the inverse of a OnetoOne Function?
Figuring out the inverse of a function is simple. You just need to switch the x and y values. Case in point, the inverse of the function f(x) = x + 5 is f1(x) = x  5.
Considering what we discussed earlier, the inverse of a onetoone function reverses the function. Considering the original output value required us to add 5 to each input value, the new output value will require us to delete 5 from each input value.
One to One Function Practice Examples
Consider the following functions:

f(x) = x + 1

f(x) = 2x

f(x) = x2

f(x) = 3x  2

f(x) = x

g(x) = 2x + 1

h(x) = x/2  1

j(x) = √x

k(x) = (x + 2)/(x  2)

l(x) = 3√x

m(x) = 5  x
For each of these functions:
1. Determine if the function is onetoone.
2. Plot the function and its inverse.
3. Find the inverse of the function algebraically.
4. Indicate the domain and range of each function and its inverse.
5. Employ the inverse to solve for x in each equation.
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